ONCAlert | 2017 San Antonio Breast Cancer Symposium
Colorectal Cancer Case Studies

Tanios Bekaii-Saab, MD: Clinical Data Supporting Regorafenib in mCRC

Tanios Bekaii-Saab, MD
Published Online:Mar 07, 2016
Marie, a 61-year-old female, is diagnosed with mCRC in July of 2013 after presenting to her PCP with symptoms of abdominal fullness and abnormal bowel movements of several weeks' duration.

mCRC with Tanios Bekaii-Saab, MD and Tara Seery, MD: Case 1



What clinical data support the use of regorafenib as a third-line option in patients like Marie with mCRC?

Regorafenib was essentially approved on the basis of a study called the CORRECT trial, which looked at regorafenib versus best supportive care in patients who failed all standard therapies. That study suggested an improvement in overall survival, as well as progression-free survival, which were all statistically significant. It also showed improvement in the disease control rate. Although there were no responses, per se, there were some stable disease results with tumor shrinkage that essentially were long lasting.
 
This study was also confirmed by another study called CONCUR, which was an Asian-based study, and was very similar in design to regorafenib versus best supportive care. That also showed improvement in all the outcomes. So we have two phase III studies that end up with very similar findings, suggesting that this agent works in patients with refractory and metastatic colorectal cancer.

Case 1: mCRC

Marie K. is a 61-year-old female from Indianapolis, Indiana, who works as a corporate IT consultant. In July of 2013, she was diagnosed with mCRC after presenting to her PCP with symptoms of abdominal fullness and abnormal bowel movements of several weeks’ duration.

  • Medical history is notable for hip replacement in 2011, and mild GERD
  • CT scans of the abdomen and pelvis suggest presence of multiple peritoneal implants with mild ascites
  • Her initial biopsy showed a well-differentiated adenocarcinoma with molecular testing showed RAS-WT and BRAF- WT disease
  • She received initial therapy with FOLFIRI and cetuximab, and showed good response after 4 cycles

In March of 2014, she returned to her oncologist for a follow-up, and her CT scan showed evidence of progression, with visceral peritoneal metastases and ascites, as well as increasing CEA levels (40.2 ng/mL); her ECOG performance status at time of progression was 0

  • She was switched to FOLFOX and bevacizumab, with a good response. She had a marked decrease in CEA levels and improvement in her abdominal ascites after 3 cycles of therapy

In January of 2015, she returned for follow up with symptoms of abdominal fullness, increasing fatigue, and declining performance status (PS 1); PET/CT scan at that time showed marked progression of multiple target lesions.

  • She began treatment with regorafenib at a dose of 160 mg, but treatment was interrupted for 1 week after she developed moderate fatigue and grade 3 hand-foot skin reaction (HFSR); her liver function tests were within normal limits before and during treatment
  • Her condition improved, and treatment with regorafenib was re-initiated at a dose of 120 mg
  • Patient tolerated the reduced dose, with some mild fatigue, through 8 cycles of treatment; her disease remained stable on PET/CT at her 2-, 4-, and 6-month assessments, and performance status improved (PS 0)
  • She was scheduled to undergo oral surgery (dental implants) in October of 2015, and her treatment was interrupted 2 weeks prior to surgery

She returns for follow up 4 weeks after the procedure, with good wound healing and a PS of 0. Her PET/CT scan shows moderate progression of the peritoneal metastases and several new hepatic lesions. Her CEA has also increased to 27.7 ng/mL. Liver and kidney function remain within normal limits.

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