ONCAlert | 2018 ASCO Annual Meeting
Lung Cancer Case Studies

A Case of BRAF-Mutated NSCLC

Targeted Oncology
Published Online:Jul 21, 2017
In this case-based interview, Mark A. Socinski, MD, provides an overview on the treatment of a patient who develops BRAF-mutated non–small cell lung cancer.

Treatment of BRAF Mutated Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer

Mark A. Socinski, MD: This 67-year-old female presented with some dyspnea and coughing, as well as hemoptysis. Her history was significant for some mild COPD. Because of her symptoms, her ECOG performance status was categorized as 1. She had a CT scan, because of her symptoms, that showed a 3 cm right lower lobe lesion. There was some ipsilateral mediastinal adenopathy, as well as several—in the range of 3 to 4, 2 to 2.5 cm—liver lesions on that CT scan. A core biopsy of 1 of the accessible liver lesions showed an adenocarcinoma, moderately differentiated. She did have a smoking history, about 30 packs/year of exposure, but she had quit 10 years ago.

She was appropriately tested for molecular drivers, and she had an extensive panel going beyond the standard EGFR, ALK, and ROS1, and in this case, a BRAF V600E mutation was detected. We also know she was tested for PD-L1, and that was negative at the time of her diagnosis. That summarizes the case. What we have is a 67-year-old female, otherwise fit, who is a former smoker, who presents with stage 4 adenocarcinoma of the lung. She is known to have a BRAF V600E mutation. She is not PD-L1-positive. Again, this is an example of what I would consider treatable, but not curable, disease at this point.

My initial impressions of this woman are, again, that we have clarity of the diagnosis, because we have a nice core biopsy. We also know that she is not PD-L1-positive in this setting. We know that a molecular driver, a BRAF V600E mutation, was found. She has a good performance status, so I think she has a couple of options in this setting. Again, I think she has very treatable, but again, not curable, disease.

This patient’s prognosis is probably around 1 year to 14 months’ median overall survival time. One of the things we don’t have sufficient data on is how the BRAF mutation alters that prognosis. And although we have some exciting data with targeted therapy in regard to the response rates of these targeted agents, I don’t know that we have enough mature survival data. For instance, in the EGFR-mutant population, we know that having an EGFR mutation is both prognostic—patients do better with it—as well as predictive. It predicts for a better response to EGFR TKIs. I think what we know about BRAF mutations is that they are predictive for oral TKIs to have a higher response rate, but the impact that it has on the prognosis is not entirely clear at this point. We need some more mature data.

Transcript edited for clarity.
  • 67-year-old female, former smoker (30 pack-years, quit 10 years ago) presented to her pulmonologist with increased cough, dyspnea and hemoptysis.
  • Past medical history of mild COPD.
  • Patient swims three times a week and is continuing normal activities.
  • ECOG PS was assessed as 1.
  • CT scan of chest and abdomen show a lower right lobe lung nodule with several small liver lesions.
  • PET/CT scan indicated lung cancer with liver metastases.
  • Core needle biopsy was performed in the liver. Pathology report showed adenocarcinoma consistent with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC).
  • Mutation testing showed a BRAF V600E mutation.
  • PD-L1 status was negative.
  • Patient was started on pemetrexed and carboplatin.
  • After 3 of 6 planned cycles patient showed worsening signs of dyspnea with a weight loss of 10%.
  • Repeat CT scan showed progression of primary lesion.
  • Patient was started on dabrafenib + trametinib.
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