ONCAlert | Upfront Therapy for mRCC

Adjuvant Breast Cancer Therapies and Personalized Medicine

Anna Azvolinsky, PhD
Published Online: Apr 04,2013
A phase III study of pemetrexed (Pem) plus carboplatin (Cb) plus bevacizumab (Bev) followed by maintenance pem plus bev versus paclitaxel (Pac) plus cb plus bev followed by maintenance bev in stage IIIb or IV nonsquamous non-small cell lung cancer (NS-NSCLC): Overall and age group results

Mark A. Socinski, MD

Overall survival was not significantly different in any of the age subgroups. PFS was significantly longer in pemetrexed arm overall and for patients ≤70, but was similar for patients >70, >75 yrs. Toxicity profiles differed; subgroup safety data paralleled overall data.

Clinical activity, safety, and biomarkers of MPDL3280A, an engineered PD-L1 antibody in patients with locally advanced or metastatic non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC)
David R. Spigel, MD
Treatment with MPDL3280A was well tolerated, with no pneumonitis-related deaths. Rapid and durable responses were observed. PD-L1 tumor status correlated with response to MPDL3280A.

Prostate Cancer

CA184-095: A randomized, double-blind, phase III trial to compare the efficacy of ipilimumab versus placebo in asymptomatic or minimally symptomatic patients with metastatic chemotherapy-naive castration-resistant prostate cancer

The primary endpoint is overall survival; secondary endpoints include progression-free survival, time to pain progression, time to non-hormonal systemic therapy and safety characterization. The accrual goal is 600 patients randomized.

Outcomes in patients with liver or lung metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer treated with the androgen receptor inhibitor enzalutamide: Results from the phase III AFFIRM trial.
In the phase III AFFIRM trial, patients with lung mCRPC had higher median overall survival than patients with liver mCRPC. Enzalutamide resulted in higher response rates in both liver and lung mCRPC patients. Overall survival and radiographic progression-free survival were also improved in both patient groups treated with enzalutamide.

Design of the AFFINITY study: A randomized phase III study of a novel clusterin inhibitor, custirsen, plus cabazitaxel/prednisone (CbzP) versus CbzP alone as second-line chemotherapy in metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer (mCRPC)

The primary efficacy measure is overall survival. The secondary measure is proportion of patients alive without disease progression at Day 140 post-randomization.

Genitourinary (Nonprostate) Cancer

Rates of dose adjustment in patients treated with tivozanib versus sorafenib in the phase III TIVO-1 study.
Lower rates of dose adjustment due to related AEs were observed in patients with metastatic RCC who received tivozanib compared to sorafenib

Phase III randomized sequential open-label study to evaluate the efficacy and safety of sorafenib followed by pazopanib versus pazopanib followed by sorafenib in the treatment of advanced/metastatic renal cell carcinoma (SWITCH-2 study).

The primary endpoint of this study is to evaluate if total PFS of sorafenib followed by pazopanib is non-inferior to pazopanib followed by sorafenib.

A phase III comparative study of nivolumab (anti-PD-1; BMS-936558; ONO-4538) versus everolimus in patients with advanced or metastatic renal cell carcinoma previously treated with antiangiogenic therapy.
The primary endpoint is overall survival. Secondary endpoints include PFS, ORR, OR duration, adverse events, overall survival in PD-L1 positive or negative subgroups, and patient-reported outcomes. The trial is open and enrolling patients.

Gynecologic Cancer

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