Metastatic Castration-Resistant Prostate Cancer: Case 2 - Episode 1
Daniel P. Petrylak, MD, Professor of Medicine (Medical Oncology) and of Urology, Professor and Co-Director, Signal Transduction Research Program, Yale Cancer Center, believes that second-line hormonal therapy can be considered for the patient described in the case study.
There is an improvement in time to progression in favor of abiraterone combined with prednisone compared with prednisone alone, and a trend toward an improved survival benefit with abiraterone and prednisone in the prechemotherapy patients, Petrylak notes. An improvement in survival and a delay in radiographic progression-free survival has been seen in patient treated with enzalutamide. However, there are no comparative data evaluating isotope therapy, chemotherapy, as well as hormonal manipulation, such as abiraterone or enzalutamide.
CASE 2: Metastatic Castration Resistant Prostate Cancer (mCRPC)
Duane B. is a 61-year-old African-American man from Gainesville, Florida, who works as a truck driver for a medical supplies company.
In January 2011, the patient presented to his PCP; his PSA was found to be 25.2 ng/mL and his prostate was enlarged on digital rectal examination; patient was referred to an oncologist for further evaluation.
Subsequent biopsy, CT, and bone scan showed prostate adenocarcinoma T2cN0M0, Gleason 5 (2+3), and the patient was considered intermediate risk
Patient received radical prostate-bed radiotherapy and full androgen deprivation therapy with subcutaneous goserelin (10.8 mg quarterly) and oral bicalutamide (50 mg daily); after approximately 18 months, the patientâ€™s PSA had dropped to undetectable levels and the bicalutamide was discontinued in July 2012
Patientâ€™s prior medical history is unremarkable except for prior tobacco use (quit smoking in 2005) and obesity; the patient is currently following a weight loss and exercise regimen
In April 2014, the patient returns to his PCP complaining of fatigue and intermittent pain in his hip and back and inability to work
Patientâ€™s PSA level had increased to 15.3 ng/mL; his testosterone level was 29 ng/dL; bone scan showed the presence of multiple lesions in the lumbar vertebrae (L2 and L4) and in the hip
Zoledronic acid (every 3 weeks) was initiated for prevention of skeletal-related events