Osimertinib Improves Survival in EGFR+ NSCLC, Poses New Challenges for Resistance

September 13, 2019
Kazuhiko Nakagawa, MD, PhD

Kazuhiko Nakagawa, MD, PhD, discusses the role of EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitors for the frontline treatment of patients with&nbsp;<em>EGFR</em>-positive non&ndash;small cell lung cancer.

Kazuhiko Nakagawa, MD, PhD, of the Department of Medical Oncology, Kindai University Faculty of Medicine, Osaka-Sayama, Osaka, Japan, discusses the role of EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) for the frontline treatment of patients withEGFR-positive non—small cell lung cancer (NSCLC).

A number of EGFR TKIs are available for the treatment ofEGFR-positive NSCLC, including first-, second-, and third-generation TKIs, says Nakagawa. Osimertinib (Tagrisso), in particular, has shown a median progression-free survival (PFS) of 18.9 months in this patient population. According to Nakagawa, this is the longest PFS that has been seen in this setting. However, a major challenge physicians face in the management of this patient population is resistance to osimertinib.

Although the third-generation EGFR TKI osimertinib has an impressive PFS compared with other agents in this setting, there are no TKIs currently that can overcome resistance to the drug, says Nakagawa. However, osimertinib can be used for almost half of the patients with anEGFR