The biggest unanswered question in biomarker development for cancer is how to determine which patients will respond to targeted therapy or immunotherapy. Investigators around the world are trying to answer this through clinical trials and data mining, in addition to finding new tools to add to the mix.
Findings of a recent study suggest surgical choices in women with breast cancer may have long-term impacts on their quality of life. Investigators found that younger patients with breast cancer who underwent lumpectomy had better QOL outcomes than patients who had a mastectomy.
The United States Food and Drug Administration approved several maintenance therapies over the last few years for the management of platinum-sensitive recurrent ovarian cancer. Bevacizumab (Avastin), TKIs, or PARP inhibitors were among the treatments used in the clinical trials leading to these approvals.
In an analysis of the phase III ENGOT-OV16/NOVA study, baseline body weight and platelet counts served as early biomarkers for patients with platinum-sensitive, relapsed, high-grade serous epithelial ovarian, fallopian tube, or primary peritoneal cancer who would require dose modifications to their treatment with niraparib (Zejula).
According to study findings presented during the 49th Society of Gynecologic Oncology (SGO) Annual Meeting on Women’s Cancers held in New Orleans March 24-27, clinical benefit has been found for women with recurrent ovarian cancer when using immune checkpoint inhibitors, but there was a higher rate of adverse events (AEs) than previously reported in other tumor types.