The triplet combination of the BRAF inhibitor encorafenib, the MEK inhibitor binimetinib, and the EGFR inhibitor cetuximab has been granted a breakthrough therapy designation by the FDA for the treatment of patients with <em>BRAF</em> V600E–mutant metastatic colorectal cancer following 1 or 2 prior lines of treatment in the metastatic setting. The designation will expedite the development and review of the novel triplet in this setting.
Victor Sandor, MD
The triplet combination of the BRAF inhibitor encorafenib (Braftovi), the MEK inhibitor binimetinib (Mektovi), and the EGFR inhibitor cetuximab (Erbitux) has been granted a breakthrough therapy designation by the FDA for the treatment of patients withBRAFV600Emutant metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC) following 1 or 2 prior lines of treatment in the metastatic setting. The designation will expedite the development and review of the novel triplet in this setting.
The FDA issued the designation based on data from the safety lead-in phase of the ongoing randomized phase III BEACON CRC trial (NCT02928224). The regimen induced a confirmed overall response rate (ORR) of 48% and a 1-year overall survival (OS) rate of 62%, according to findings presented in June 2018 at the 20th ESMO World Congress on Gastrointestinal (GI) Cancer.
"We are delighted that the FDA has recognized the potential of this combination for patients with BRAF V600Emutant metastatic colorectal cancer," Victor Sandor, MD, chief medical officer, Array BioPharma, the manufacturer of binimetinib and encorafenib, said in a statement.
"As there are no regimens approved specifically forBRAFV600Emutant mCRC, this designation provides us with the opportunity to work closely with the FDA to potentially accelerate our effort to bring an important treatment option to these patients in critical need," added Sandor.
The safety lead-in phase of the open-label, global phase III BEACON CRC trial included 30 patients with mCRC who had disease progression following 1 or 2 prior regimens. All except 1 patient had a BRAF V600E mutation, and there was 1 patient with microsatellite instability-high disease. Patients received encorafenib at 300 mg daily, binimetinib at 45 mg twice daily, and cetuximab per label.
At 12.6 months’ follow-up, the median OS had not yet been reached. The median progression-free survival was 8 months (95% CI, 5.6-9.3) and was consistent regardless of whether patients had received 1 or 2 prior treatment lines. Among patients who had received only 1 prior line of therapy, the ORR was 62%.
Grade 3/4 adverse events (AEs) occurring in at least 10% of patients included fatigue (13%), anemia (10%), increased blood creatine kinase (10%,) and increased AST (10%).
In a statement released at the time of presentation of the safety lead-in data at the World GI Congress, Axel Grothey, MD, Division of Hematology/Oncology, Mayo Clinic, said, "The results of the BEACON CRC safety lead-in demonstrate substantial improvements in efficacy outcomes when compared to current approved standard of care benchmarks in patients with BRAF-mutant metastatic CRC. The median progression-free survival of 8 months is a meaningful improvement compared to the benchmark of about 2 months, and the overall survival of 62% at 12 months is very promising given that with current approved standards of care, half of patients will succumb to their disease within 4 to 6 months."
"These data underscore the potential of this triplet combination to benefit patients withBRAFV600Emutant metastatic CRC, who, despite their poor prognosis, currently have limited effective treatment options," added Grothey.
Based on the positive results from the safety lead-in phase, enrollment in the randomized portion of BEACON CRC is ongoing. In this part of the phase III study, patients are randomized to encorafenib/binimetinib plus cetuximab; encorafenib/cetuximab; or investigator's choice of either irinotecan/cetuximab or FOLFIRI/cetuximab.
In June 2018, the FDA approved encorafenib/binimetinib for the treatment of patients withBRAF-mutant unresectable or metastatic melanoma, as detected by an FDA-approved test.
Array Biopharma Receives FDA Breakthrough Therapy Designation for Braftovi™ in Combination With Mektovi® and Cetuximab For BRAFV600E-Mutant Metastatic Colorectal Cancer. Array BioPharma Inc. Posted August 7, 2018. Accessed August 7, 2018. https://bit.ly/2vJUhEA.