Exploring Treatment Options for Patients With Advanced Melanoma

Georgina V. Long, BSc, PhD, MBBS, FRACP, discusses the current treatment options that are approved around the world for patients with advanced melanoma. These treatments include both immunotherapies, such as immune checkpoint inhibitors, and targeted therapies.

Georgina V. Long, BSc, PhD, MBBS, FRACP, co-medical director of Melanoma Institute Australia (MIA), chair of Melanoma Medical Oncology and Translational Research at MIA and Royal North Shore Hospital, University of Sydney, discusses the current treatment options that are approved around the world for patients with advanced melanoma. These treatments include both immunotherapies, such as immune checkpoint inhibitors, and targeted therapies.

Targeted therapies like the BRAF or MEK inhibitors work for patients harboring aBRAFmutation in their tumor. BRAF-mutated disease accounts for about 40% of all cases of advanced melanoma, Long says. However, immunotherapies are potentially available for all patients, whether they areBRAFwild-type or BRAF-mutated.

In terms of immunotherapies, immune checkpoint inhibitors are available, including drugs like the anti—CTLA-4 agent ipilimumab (Yervoy) or the anti–PD-1 agents, nivolumab (Opdivo) and pembrolizumab (Keytruda). Long adds that the combination of ipilimumab plus nivolumab is also available for the treatment of this patient population.

In conclusion, patients withBRAF-mutant advanced melanoma can receive a targeted therapy, such as a BRAF inhibitor. For those patients withBRAF